INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE on ADVANCEMENTS in NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTATION MEASUREMENT METHODS and their APPLICATIONS
pics © Urbanisme Ville de Liège - Jean-Pierre ERS
• Fundamental physics
• Fusion diagnostics and technology
• Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems
• Research reactors
• Nuclear fuel cycle
• Decommissioning, dismantling and remote handling
• Safeguards, homeland security
• Severe accident monitoring
• Environmental and medical sciences
• Education, training and outreach
During the opening session, three world class scientists will present a review of research domains closely related to nuclear instrumentation. Every subsequent day of the conference will be started with a plenary keynote lecture on a major topic of the conference.
Tuesday June 20, 10:10 – 10:50
Marc Deffrennes, NEA-OECD
“Nuclear Innovation for a Sustainable Energy Future “
Starting with a reflection on the notion of sustainability and the necessary balance between its three pillars (environment, economics, security of supply), the ETP and WEO scenarios of the IEA (International Energy Agency) will be presented to show what the energy future may look like. Limiting the temperature rise to 2°C (2DS scenario) indicates the need to recourse to nuclear energy as an important contributor to electricity production. Going “well beyond the 2°C” opens even more opportunities for nuclear in the non-electric applications. Some scenarios developed by the European Commission at EU level will be put in perspective of the worldwide scenarios of the IEA.
Using the 2DS as the basis, the IEA and the NEA (Nuclear Energy Agency) have further jointly published a Nuclear Energy Technology Roadmap (February 2015) which proposes recommendations on what needs to be done to foster the corresponding role of nuclear energy, addressing governmental authorities, R&D organisations, industry, regulators and financing institutions.
As a follow-up, in July 2015, the NEA launched a broad initiative NI2050 (Nuclear Innovation 2015), aiming at incubating (selecting and developing) large scale R&D and market uptake programmes of actions (projects and infrastructures) for proposing them for further implementation by stakeholders. The goal is to accelerate the readiness of innovative technologies and help them reach competitive deployment in time to contribute to the sustainability of nuclear energy in the short/medium (2030) to long term (2050). The state of play of NI2050 will be presented, offering a useful introduction for the ANIMMA 2017 Conference.
Concise cv: Ir. Marc Deffrennes
Mechanical and Nuclear Engineer – University of Louvain 1980
1982-1991: Westinghouse: Systems Analysis, Startup Tihange 3, Training and Simulator, Class 2 Expert in radiation protection for the Nivelles Service Center.
1991-2014: European Commission: DG Energy, External Relations, Research – Euratom Programmes: TACIS Nuclear Safety Programmes, International Science and Technology Center, Nuclear and Chemical Weapons Disposition Programmes, Euratom Research Framework Programmes, SET Plan and SNETP, European Nuclear Energy Forum.
2014 – now: Nuclear Energy Agency of the OECD: Division of Nuclear Development, in charge of NI2050.
Tuesday June 20, 11:20 -12:00
Yaël Nazé, University of Liège
"A cosmic promenade"
Let's discover what lies beyond the horizon - distant stars harbouring planets, the mix of dust and gas from which we are made, large-scale galaxies with their mysterious center, and the overall structure of the cosmos... All this using images and videos taken from the best instruments made by humans !
Concise cv: Dr. Yaël Nazé
FNRS astrophysicist at the University of Liege, Yaël Nazé studies massive stars - big objects that dominate the Galactic
ecology. In addition of her scientific work, she is also deeply involved in outreach (popular books, articles, conferences,
animations), an activity that received awards several times. Her website : http://www.astro.ulg.ac.be/~naze/
Tuesday June 20, 12:00 – 12:40
Emmanuel DURAND, Paris-Sud University
“Major challenges of nuclear medicine in 2017”
Nuclear medicine encompasses all usages of unsealed radionuclide administration in medicine, mostly for diagnostic purposes but also for treatment.
In the last years, detectors have been improved, with increased sensitivity and spatial resolution. The positron emission tomography (PET) has moved from a research tool to a fist-line diagnostic tool in routine. New semiconductor detectors have been developed first for cardiac imaging and now for whole-body imaging. Hybrid detectors coupled with CT scanners have been widespread and PET-MRI detectors are even commercially available.
New radiopharmaceuticals have been designed, broadening the spectrum of use. Quantification and dosimetry were also made more precise, making it possible to give tailored activities. Moreover, for the first time, radionuclide therapy has clearly shown a benefit in overall survival in some cancers.
Emmanuel Durand graduated in medicine in 1997 as a specialist in nuclear medicine. In 2001, he passed a PhD in MRI physics. He has worked in the university hospitals of Paris Sud and Strasbourg, in France. His is currently head of the department of nuclear medicine of Paris Sud Hospitals. His research work is focused on methods for functional imaging in MRI and nuclear medicine. He is the French coordinator for nuclear medicine specialty.
Wednesday June 21, 8:40 – 9:20
Roger Reichle, ITER Organization
“Diagnostics for ITER – challenges, research and innovation”
ITER is being built in southern France. It is designed to deliver the scientific and technological basis to build reactors that can demonstrate the commercial viability of fusion power. This step forward poses new challenges to all involved sub-systems including diagnostics. There are about 50 different diagnostics systems distributed inside and around the vacuum-vessel. High electromagnetic forces, temperatures, particle fluxes and radiation levels produce an unprecedented harsh environment for them. In consequence the diagnostics must be built to demand only very in-frequent maintenance access. Personal access is limited by the achievable shutdown dose rates. Despite the large overall dimension of ITER it is necessary to have tight and complex integration of the diagnostic systems with the surrounding support system and neighbouring systems. Compared to other tokamaks the measurement ranges had to be extended for ITER and some new measurement requirements were introduced e.g. in the area of dust, erosion, re-deposition and tritium-monitoring. Many measurements have a role in investment protection and a few have also a role with regards to nuclear safety. In response to these challenges, novel solutions are under development and will be presented. Very robust support structures are used. Low activation material and doglegs in optical design keep shutdown dose rates low. Standardization of common components and modular design e.g. of the support structures are preferred where possible. New detectors with wider measurement ranges and higher radiation resistance are being developed. The question of electronics exposed to radiation is dominantly addressed by relocation, but for cases where this is not possible radiation hard solutions are envisaged.
1988 PhD as experimental physicist at the University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Germany.
1988 - 1989 Postdoc at Max Planck Institute for Plasma Phyiscs in Garching, Germany.
1989 - 1997 Responsible officer for the development of bolometers and experiments in plasma wall interaction area at JET Joint Undertaking, Abindon, UK.
1997 - 2009 Responsible Officer for Tore Supra thermography diagnostics and ITER oriented studies on thermography and bolometers at CEA/DSM/IRFM, France.
2009 - now Leader of lateral activities including Instrumentation and Control in ITER Port Plug and Diagnostics Division and Responsible Officer for several imaging diagnostics (Visible and IR range, Bolometry, laser viewing and metrology) at ITER Organization, France.
Thursday June 22, 8:40 – 9:20
Riccardo Raabe, University of Leuven
“Development of novel detectors for experimental nuclear structure research: novel technologies meet clever ideas”
Our understanding of the structure of atomic nuclei has been based for a long time on the information collected on stable nuclei, those which can be found in nature. About three decades ago, the new field of Radioactive Ion Beams (RIB) research was initiated, creating the opportunity to study nuclei very far from stability, in an energy domain from rest to several hundreds of MeV/nucleon. The study of these isotopes with an unusual N/Z ratio (“exotic” nuclei) revealed that they possess unforeseen, truly exotic properties that challenge the paradigms that have stood for decades. Those findings have triggered a large effort of the community at large, towards the realization of new RIB facilities that would allow studying the properties of exotic nuclei with an unprecedented level of detail.
In parallel, new instrumentation has been developed to cope with the weak intensities of the beams of rare isotopes. The limits of efficiency, resolution and identification of radiation have been pushed further, by employing technologies initially developed in other fields and adapted for the needs of nuclear spectroscopy. The number of detection channels in an average experiment has as well increased exponentially, from a few to a few thousands of channels, requiring the adoption of integrated solutions.
We will review some of those developments and applications, focusing on the new generation of detection arrays to be used at the forthcoming facilities, and highlighting the progress that they will allow in the field of experimental nuclear structure.
Dr. Riccardo Raabe is Italian of origin. After graduating in Pavia (Italy) on solar physics, he moved to Belgium to make his PhD at the Institute of Nuclear and Radiation Physics of the KU Leuven. Afterwards he worked in France, at CEA Saclay and at the National Accelerator of Heavy Ions (GANIL) in Caen, before returning to Leuven in 2010. Since the PhD his research has been concerned with the experimental investigation of the structure and reactions of nuclei, especially exotic nuclei which are not found in nature. Measurements are carried out at large accelerator facilities employing complex radiation-detection systems. An important aspect of the research is development of new methods and application of novel technologies for the optimization of the detection. With the support of an ERC Consolidator Grant, he currently leads a team of about eight people in the realization of an active target detector for the measurement of reactions with beams of very rare isotopes.
Friday June 23, 8:40 – 9:20
Massimo Morichi , CAEN SYS & CAEN S.p.A.
“Challenges and Prospective for Nuclear Measurements in Reactors, Fuel Facilities and D&D activities”
Nuclear installations (Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Cycle facilities), projects as well as nuclear management activities are facing nowadays a unique combination of parallel events that are influencing, in a unique manner, the roadmap of nuclear instrumentation and measurements and open challenges are offering an opportunity for significant innovation.
Five main areas are identified as key challenger and opportunity for innovation:
• The management of the nuclear facility assets and operations (long term in operation)
• The nuclear plant renovations and their life extension: requiring a significant effort towards the evaluations/assessments and the licensing process;
• The nuclear dismantling and decommissioning of obsolete nuclear installations;
• The characterization of nuclear fuel actual and future advanced nuclear reactors;
• The management of nuclear waste and spent fuel along the fuel cycle of the non-proliferation and the safeguards aspects;
Nuclear Instrumentation and Measurements are representing a critical and unique asset of knowledge, technologies methods and multidisciplinary competences that will be essential for operators, to be deeply studied and addressed to secure operational performances, provide ultimate safety and support to operations challenges providing innovative solutions to support new coming reactor concepts.
The presentation will describe the open challenges, offering an overview of the relevant actual nuclear measurements and instrumentation solutions “state of the art” on the above points, while is proposing a vision for a future evolution to overcome the challenges, mitigate the risks of operations and projects and offering an innovative vision for the future.
Concise cv: Dr. Massimo Morichi
Actually Massimo Morichi is leading the CAEN Group towards the industrial nuclear field, developing instrumentation technologies, nuclear measuring systems and solutions (CAEN SYS) in the areas of Fuel Cycle, Reactors and Safeguards applications. He has more than 25 years’ experience in management, research, engineering, product & program management. In 1997 he joined the COGEMA group as Technical and Marketing Manager; in 2005 he was appointed VP R&D CTO of the AREVA BU Nuclear Measurements (CANBERRA Inc. in US) and in March 2011 took the responsibility in Japan of the AREVA Fukushima Project as WG Leader of the site remediation and mitigation plan where he realized many systems including the first on-site contaminated water treatment system. He established key technology developments with CEA, DOE National Laboratories, IAEA and major nuclear industries and he actively promote and participate to the creation of the “Nuclear Reactor Institute” (EDF-CEA-AREVA).
Upon graduation in “Nuclear Engineering”, he specialized in Reactor Core Physics and neutron simulation & modelling (ENEA Dipartimento Reattori Veloci). He participated to PEC studies on reactivity transient analysis. He is Doctor in Nuclear Physics from “La Sapienza” University of Rome (Italy) and a certified AREVA international Senior Expert (level 2) on Instrumentation, Nuclear Measurements and Safety & Protection and a Certified Radiation Protection Expert (n.1474). He is member of several scientific Committees; Visiting Committee member of IRSN (Institute for Nuclear Radiation Safety) and has been Board member of the Nuclear Experimental Reactor J. Horowitz. He is panellist as invited speaker at STS-Kyoto Forum on “Nuclear Technology Trends and Future Prospective”. He has been awarded with International Patents and has many international scientific publications.
Invited and Oral Sessions
Four parallel sessions with oral presentations will be scheduled, organized per 40 minutes time slots (“invited contributions” ) and 20 minutes’ time slots (“oral contributions”), discussions included. The presentations will be grouped per conference theme. The schedule will be optimized to minimize the number of simultaneous invited presentations.
Poster / intensive oral sessions
Specific slots of about 2 hours per day will be dedicated to the “Poster / intensive oral sessions”: while all posters will be kept on display during the full conference, these sessions will be structured by theme and will present the authors a forum to advertise their poster by means of a mini-oral presentation.
An advanced program of short courses will be offered at the start of the ANIMMA 2017 conference (on Monday June 19, 2017). Starting from the physical principles, the courses will present a selection of applications of radiation detectors in various fields. Updated information, detailed program and schedule are available here.
Participants to the short courses have the opportunity to perform a multiple choice test. This test will take place immediately after the courses on Monday June 19, from 16.00 until 17.00 h. Proclamation and the official awarding of the certificates is planned later that evening at 18.00 h. These certificates can be used for obtaining ECTS credits at the participants’ university.
Participants to the short courses who decide not to perform the examination will receive a certificate of attendance.
On the first conference day (Monday June 19, 2017) several workshops will be organised. Updated information concerning topics, detailed program is available here.