INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE on ADVANCEMENTS in NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTATION MEASUREMENT METHODS and their APPLICATIONS

  • Programme Short Courses  -  Monday, June 19, 2017

     

    Participants to the short courses have the opportunity to perform a multiple choice test. This test will take place immediately after the courses on Monday June 19, from 16.00 until 17.00 h.

    Proclamation and the official awarding of the certificates is planned later that evening at 18.00 h. These certificates can be used for obtaining ECTS credits at the participants’ university.

     

    Participants to the short courses who decide not to perform the examination will receive a certificate of attendance.

  • Module 1          Radiation detection and measurement methods

    Prof. Abdallah Lyoussi,

    CEA/INSTN, France

     

     

     

    Summary of the training module

    Starting from the physical principles, the course will discuss the performances and the limitations of various radiation detectors that can be used in nuclear reactors and in the subsequent stages of the nuclear fuel cycle. Two specific applications will illustrate the practical applications of the detection techniques: neutron dosimetry in fission reactors and nuclear monitoring of the fuel cycle (passive and active neutron measurements, sensing via photo fission, coupling of measurements and combined interpretation).

    The course will be structured as follows:

     

    1. Interaction of radiation with matter

    2. Physical principles of radiation detectors

    1. Gas-filled detectors
    2. Scintillation detectors
    3. Solid-state detectors (semiconductor, diamond, TLD)
    4. Activation detectors

     

    Short CV

    Prof. Dr. Abdallah Lyoussi was born in Fes, Morocco in 1965. He received his MSc in nuclear physics from Fes University in 1988 and MSc in Nuclear Engineering from French institute of nuclear sciences and technologies (INSTN) in 1990. In 1994 he got his PhD in nuclear physics from Blaise Pascal University (Clermont-Ferrand, France) and his advanced graduation in research supervising activities (HDR) in 2002.  He has worked on non-destructive measurement methods such as photofission interrogation, neutron interrogation by using different kinds of detectors, electronics, data acquisition systems and advanced particles production machine like LINAC; neutron generators, X tubes. He developed, patented and published various works and innovative advanced nuclear measurement methodologies. Abdallah Lyoussi is Professor at INSTN and Aix-Marseille University where he cochairs a master on "Instrumentation & Measurements in Harsh Media". He is currently working at CEA (French Atomic & Alternative Energies) Cadarache research centre as researcher in physics and international expert in nuclear measurement. Finally, since May 2010, Abdallah Lyoussi is scientific CEA chair of a new common instrumentation and measurement Lab. called LIMMEX between CEA and Aix-Marseille University.

  • Module 2          Counting neutrons in a nuclear reactor by reactor dosimetry

    Dr. Jan Wagemans,

    SCK·CEN, Belgium

     

     

     

    Summary of the training module

    The aim of reactor dosimetry is to determine neutron fluencies for various types of applications. One of the most commonly used techniques for this purpose is the neutron activation technique. Surveillance capsules present in nuclear power reactors, for example, are typically equipped with a set of activation wires or foils (dosimeters). After irradiation the neutron fluency received by the surveillance capsule can be determined from the measured dosimeter activities. Also many experiments in research reactors (reactor physics experiments, material test irradiations, ...) are equipped with neutron dosimetry in order to provide neutron flux and spectrum information.

     

    This course will first present the example of surveillance dosimetry for power reactors. Then some basic aspects of neutron physics will be shortly described. The main part of the course will focus on the neutron activation technique. This will be complemented with practical examples.

     

    Short CV

    Dr. Jan Wagemans (1974) graduated in Physics at the University of Ghent, Belgium, in 1997 and obtained his PhD at the same university in 2000. He is author or co-author of more than 80 publications in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings mainly in the field of neutron physics and (co-)editor of five books. In 2002 he joined the SCK•CEN where he is currently head of the Nuclear Systems Measurements unit. Jan Wagemans is chairman of the European Working Group on Reactor Dosimetry (EWGRD) and he is SCK•CEN Academy lecturer.

  • Module 3          Advanced diagnostic concepts for fusion reactors

    Prof. Jean-Marc Layet,

    Aix-Marseille University, France

     

     

     

    Summary of the training module

    Development of diagnostics is crucial in fusion devices. They provide the measurements required for machine protection, plasma control and physics studies.

    Due to the particular characteristics of fusion plasmas (hot plasma, plasma-wall interactions,..), diagnostics are based on a large variety of physical processes. The complexity of fusion reactors has motivated the development of various kinds of plasma diagnostics using the most advanced technologies. The aim of this conference is to give an introduction into the field of plasma diagnostics (including plasma-wall interaction) taken into account the harsh environment and unexplored "burning plasma" conditions of the next generation of fusion reactors (ITER); we will show that the development and integration of plasma diagnostics in ITER is a major challenge.

     

    Short CV

    Prof. Jean-Marc Layet was born in Marseille in 1952. He is professor at the Aix-Marseille University. He is also vice-president of this University and member of the Scientific Council. He is director of the "Laboratoire de Physique des Interactions Ioniques et Moléculaires" (University - CNRS). He set up a collaboration with CEA Cadarache (Institut de Recherche en Fusion Magnétique, Tore-Supra) to study plasma-wall interactions. His main topics of interest are: Plasma physics, Ion sources, Surface physics, Electrons spectroscopies and Near field microscopy

  • Module 4          Medical applications of ionizing radiation

    Frank Deconinck,

    SCK•CEN, Belgium

     

     

     

    Summary of the training module

    There is a wide spectrum of applications of ionising radiation in medicine, but two fields clearly stand out as the major ones: medical imaging for diagnosis and external beam radiation for therapy.

    In the training module, we will first situate nuclear imaging and the instruments used in the realm of medical imaging. The principles of the gamma camera and the positron emission tomography camera will be outlined and illustrated.

    External beam radiotherapy by means of X-rays generated by linear accelerators is widely used to treat cancer. Current developments involve the use of charged particles, such as protons or carbon ions, rather than x-rays as they have advantages from the medical point of view. The major differences will be explained and illustrated.

    Finally, the role and place of a medical physicist in a hospital environment will shortly be discussed.

     

    Short CV

    Frank Deconinck is Medical Physicist. He is Prof. em. of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Vice-President of Belgonucleaire and coordinator of Rad4Med.be, a not for profit network promoting and offering Belgian expertise in nuclear medicine and radiation therapy. Formerly, he was vice-president of NIRAS/ONDRAF and chairman of SCK•CEN.

  • Module 5          Nuclide specific radioactivity measurements by Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-ray spectrometry

    Michel Bruggeman,

    SCK•CEN, Belgium

     

     

     

    Summary of the training module

    As explained in Module 1 the different nature of the radiation emitted in the decay of radioactive nuclei results in a different interaction with matter e.g. in the sample and/or in the detector. As a consequence sample preparation and measurement and detection techniques for nuclear measurements need to account for these differences. Specific sample preparations and detection are required for alpha-, beta-, respectively gamma-ray spectrometry. Module 5 will look at some common nuclear measurement techniques for nuclide specific radioactivity measurements and explain their main characteristics, possibilities and limitations. Nuclide specific radioactivity measurements are generally required for many applications: e.g. legislation dealing with the levels of radioactivity in food, feeding stuff, NORM residues, building materials, different types of nuclear wastes etc. specifies radioactivity levels in terms of massic activity or activity concentrations of specified radionuclides.

     

    Short CV

    Dr. Michel Bruggeman (1962) graduated in Physics at the University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium, in 1984 and obtained his PhD at the same university in 1990. He joined the SCK•CEN in 1992 where he is currently head of the Low-Level Radioactivity Measurements Expert Group. Since many years Michel Bruggeman is a lecturer of SCK•CEN Academy and has contributed to training programmes of the European Commission.

pics © Urbanisme Ville de Liège - Jean-Pierre ERS